About the Flute
The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. Unlike other woodwind instruments, a flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air against an edge, instead of using a reed.
In its most basic form, a flute can be an open tube which is blown like a bottle. There are several broad classes of flutes. With most flutes, the musician blows directly across the edge of the mouthpiece. Flutes can be played with several different air sources. Conventional flutes are blown with the mouth, although some cultures use nose flutes. The Flue pipes of Organs, which are acoustically similar to duct flutes, are blown by bellows or fans. The Western concert flute, a descendant of the 19th-Century German flute, is a transverse flute which is closed at the top. Near the top is the embouchure hole, across and into which the player blows. It has larger circular finger-holes than its baroque predecessors, designed to increase the instrument's dynamic range. Various combinations can be opened or closed by means of keys, to produce the different notes in its playing range. The note produced depends on which finger-holes are opened or closed and on how the flute is blown.
The standard concert flute is pitched in the key of C and has a range of 3 octaves starting from middle C.
This means that the concert flute is one of the highest common orchestral instruments, with the exception of the piccolo, which plays an octave higher. G alto and C bass flutes, pitched, respectively, a perfect fourth and an octave below the concert flute, are used occasionally. Parts are written for alto flute more frequently than for bass. Alto and bass flutes are considerably heavier than the normal C flute, making them more difficult to play for extended periods of time.
Other sizes of flute and piccolo are used from time to time. A rarer instrument of the modern pitching system is the treble G flute. Instruments made according to an older pitch standard, used principally in wind-band music, include D piccolo, E soprano flute (the primary instrument, equivalent to today's concert C flute), F alto flute, and B♭ bass flute (incidentally, the clarinet and brass families retain this orientation to a B, rather than C tonal center)
About Flute Lessons
The flute, part of the woodwind family, is one of the earliest musical instruments in recorded history. The flute we are most familiar with today is the transverse flute, which is held sideways, is made of metal, and has a range of about three octaves. With it's distinctive warm tone, the flute has found it's way into many different types of music including classical, pop, and jazz.
The flute is a fascinating instrument with a sound like no other, but it's important to have a good teacher to guide you along the way as you learn. Depending on your level of ability, your teacher can cover topics such as producing a good tone, using proper fingerings, playing major and minor scales in 12 keys, reading music, and playing musical pieces. The teachers you'll find at Starlight Music can also help you learn about more advanced subjects like the chromatic scale, playing overtones, music theory, and improvisation.
Regardless of what stage you're at in your playing, Starlight Music can help match you with a flute teacher that's just right. Send us an email at: info@starlightmusic.com.au to find out how to get started today!